Native American History Month

The Scottish Association for the Study of America would like to contribute to the recognition and education about Native American heritage on and beyond the settler colonial territory of the United States, including in our own nation. This is a list of resources compiled by Dr Gyorgy Toth at the University of Stirling. We know that this list is far from definitive or exhaustive.


We welcome suggestions of further resources to be included in the list – email us at or at

For the full list of resources, please click here


Various U.S. institutions and government agencies that celebrate Native American Heritage Month

​National Native American Heritage Month.


National Archives.


National Parks Service.


Global Indigenous Rights Safeguards

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. March 2008. Online. 

The Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples website. Online: 

Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues website. Online:


Native Americans and the Land

Mary Anette Pember, “Wounded Knee land comes home at last.” Indian Country Today September 9, 2022.

​Stewart Huntington, “Historic Dakota land returns to tribe: Minnesota repatriated 120 acres to the Lower Sioux Indian Community but more land is still held by the state.” Indian Country Today March 29, 2021. 

Stuart Banner, How the Indians Lost Their Land: Law and Power on the Frontier. Cambridge, London: Belknap/Harvard University Press, 2005.

Native Heritage in Scotland - the Glasgow Ghost Dance Shirt Case

Drew Sandelands, "Native Americans call for return of artefacts from Scotland." STV News April 5, 2022.

Memorandum submitted by Glasgow City Council. Minutes of Evidence. Select Committee on Culture, Media and Sport. Scottish Parliament. April 2000. Online.


William Tinning, “Descendant of Chief Battles for the Ghost Shirt.” The Herald Scotland, November 13, 1998.

Repatriation of Native Objects and Human Remains

H.R.5237 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. 101st Congress (1989-1990). Legislation.  


Oliver L. Riskin-Kutz, "Peabody Museum Apologizes For Practices Around Native American Cultural Objects, Announces Policy Changes." The Harvard Crimson March 29, 2021.


Rick Kearns, “Recovering Ancestors and the Sacred” from international museum collections. Indian Country Today Media Network December 19, 2015.

Native American Activism in the 21st Century

Nick Martin, "The Rebirth of Red Power." The New Republic, June 1, 2020.  


“#StandingRockSyllabus.” NYC Stands with Standing Rock Collective. 2016.

Zoltán Grossman, Unlikely Alliances: Native Nations and White Communities Join to Defend Rural Lands. University of Washington Press, 2017.

Native American Sexualities

Mark Rifkin, When Did Indians Become Straight?: Kinship, the History of Sexuality, and Native Sovereignty. Oxford University Press, 2011.


James and Polina Mackay, “NDNGirls and Pocahotties: Native American and First Nations representation in settler colonial pornography and erotica.” Porn Studies, Vol 7 No 2 (2020), 168-186.

Native American(s in) Music

“Native America.” Rebel Music. MTV. Full episode at 


Rumble: The Indians Who Rocked the World (Bainbridge and Maiorana, ARTE - Rezolution Pictures, 2017). ;


Jim Farber, “He played with Dylan, Clapton and Lennon: the unsung genius of guitarist Jesse Ed Davis.” The Guardian September 7, 2022.

Native American in Politics

Coral Davenport, “Deb Haaland Becomes First Native American Cabinet Secretary.” The New York Times March 15, 2021.


Eric S. Zimmer, “Obama at Standing Rock: The Next Vital Steps. Indian Country Today.” July 11, 2014, updated September 12, 2018.


Peter Ritter, “The Party Crasher. (No one's giving much thought to Ralph Nader's running mate. But it has never been a good idea to underestimate Winona LaDuke.)” Minneapolis News, October 11, 2000.


When Rivers Were Trails is a point-and-click adventure computer game about the impact of colonization on Indigenous communities in the 1890s.


Livia Gershon, "New ‘Oregon Trail’ Game Revisits Westward Expansion From Native Perspective." Smithsonian Magazine May 17, 2021.

New edition of the age-old Oregon Trail features indigenous characters and their perspectives.


Susan Montoya Bryan, “Fresh funding aims to revitalize Indigenous oral history.” Associated Press.


Native American Interviews. Samuel Proctor Oral History Program Digital Collections.


American Indian Relocation Project oral history interviews. Center for Oral History Research. Libraries. University of California at Los Angeles.

Native Americans and Sport

Emma Bowman, “For many Native Americans, the Washington Commanders' new name offers some closure.” National Public Radio February 6, 2022.


Leah Binkovitz, “The Director of the Indian Museum Says It's Time to Retire the Indian Motif in Sports.” American Indian Museum. Around the Mall: Scenes and Sightings from the Smithsonian Museums and Beyond blog. February 6, 2013.  


Julianne Mattera, “Cost of rebranding: Adidas offers to help high schools change Native American nicknames.” Pennsylvania Real-Time News November 23, 2015.

Native American Imagery in the Media and Popular Culture

“A Wampanoag Retelling of Thanksgiving.” Indian Country Today November 4, 2021.


Developing Stories: Native Photographers in the Field. Virtual exhibition. National Museum of the American Indian.


Elena Sheppard, “From ‘tribes’ to ‘powwows’: summer camps finally reckon with abuse of Indigenous traditions.” The Guardian April 5, 2022.

Knowledge about and by Native Americans

Kelsey Kropiniski, “Citing Indigneous Elders and Knowledge Keepers.” January 27, 2022. Library News. University of Alberta.


Katherine Kornei, “Academic Citations Evolve to Include Indigenous Oral Teachings: A librarian has developed citation templates for oral teachings shared by members of Indigenous communities.” Eos, November 9, 2021.


Jonathon Keats, “How Indigenous Oral Tradition Is Guiding Archaeology and Uncovering Climate History in Alaska.” Discover Magazine February 8, 2021.


Staff, “Moccasin Fragment Reveals Precolonial Connection Between Subarctic and Southwest.” Native News Online April 15, 2021.

Native Americans Teachings and Knowing the World 

Handsome Lake (Seneca), “How America Was Discovered.” In Arthur C. Parker, Seneca Myths and Folk Tales (Buffalo, NY: Buffalo Historical Society, 1923), 383-385.


Lakota Winter Counts. Exhibition of the National Anthropological Archives. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

Native American Women

Native American Women. Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian.


Marcella Ryan Le Beau (profile and excerpts from oral history interview). Experiencing War: Stories from the Veterans History Project. Library of Congress.

Pocahontas primary sources. Primary Sources: People - Native Americans - American Indians: Pocahontas. Christopher Newport University Libraries LibGuides.

Boarding Schools

Francis LaFlesche, The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School / Schoolboys of the Omaha Tribe. University of Nebraska Press, (originally 1900) 1978.

Jacqueline Fear-Segal and Susan D. Rose, eds., Carlisle Indian Industrial School: Indigenous Histories, Memories, and Reclamations. University of Nebraska Press, 2016.


Clifford E. Trafzer, Jean A. Keller and Lorene Sisquoc, eds., Boarding School Blues: Revisiting American Indian Educational Experiences. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2006.

Historical Documentary Film

We Shall Remain. Dir. Chris Eyre et al, Public Broadcasting Service: 2009. All episodes playlist.


New Perspectives on the West PBS – Public Broadcasting Service. Ken Burns Presents: The West.

History Books

Daniel Cobb, ed., Say We Are Nations: Documents of Politics and Protest in Indigenous America since 1887. The University of North Carolina Press, 2015.


Nick Estes, Our History Is the Future: Standing Rock Versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the Long Tradition of Indigenous Resistance. Verso, 2019.


Susan Sleeper-Smith, Juliana Barr, Jean M. O'Brien, Nancy Shoemaker, Scott Manning Stevens, eds., Why You Can't Teach United States History without American Indians. University of North Carolina Press, 2015.

The Colonial Period

“After the Mayflower” dir. Chris Eyre; part 1 of the documentary We Shall Remain, Public Broadcasting Service: 2009. ;


Doctrine of Discovery. American Indian Law Alliance.


Cecily Hilleary, "Enslaved Native Americans Played Central Role in 1600s New England Households." VOA News January 27, 2021.

American Revolutionary Era

Ethan A. Schmidt, Native Americans in the American Revolution: How the War Divided, Devastated, and Transformed the Early American Indian World. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2014.


Claudio Saunt, West of the Revolution: an Uncommon History of 1776. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2014.


Karim M. Tiro, The People of the Standing Stone: the Oneida Nation from the Revolution through the Era of Removal. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2011.

Early US National Period

Colin G. Calloway, The Shawnees and the War for America. Viking, 2007.

“To Brother Handsome Lake. Washington, November 3, 1802.” Jefferson's Indian Addresses. The Avalon Project.


The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Lewis and Clark National Bicentennial Exhibition. Missouri Historical Society.

Indian Removal and the US Antebellum Era

Nation to Nation: Treaties between the United States and American Indian Nations. National Museum of the American Indian.


Portrayals of Native Americans. Online exhibition from the University of California at Berkeley's Bancroft Library.


Claudia B. Haake, The State, Removal and Indigenous Peoples in the United States and Mexico, 1620-2000. New York: Routledge, 2007.

The "Indian Wars"

Letter from Sarah F. Wakefield to Abraham Lincoln, March 23, 1863. (pp. 15-16) Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. Educational Resources. University of Minnesota Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.,-0.064,2.192,1.752,0


The Battle of Little Bighorn. An Eyewitness Account by the Lakota Chief Red Horse recorded in pictographs and text at the Cheyenne River Reservation, 1881. Archives of the West 1874-77.


Early news of Custer’s defeat at the Little Bighorn. Telegram from General Alfred Terry on July 8, 1876; letter from Captain John S. Poland on July 31, 1876. “Teaching with Documents: Sioux Treaty of 1868.” National Archives of the United States.


The Reservations Era

Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior, 1892. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1892.

Rani-Henrik Andersson, ed., A Whirlwind Passed Through Our Country: Lakota Voices of the Ghost Dance. University of Oklahoma Press, 2019.


David W. Grua, Surviving Wounded Knee: The Lakotas and the Politics of Memory. Oxford University Press, 2016.

Indian Citizenship and Reorganization

The Citizenship Act of 1924. The Onondaga Nation.


Why We Serve: Native Americans in the United States Armed Forces. Exhibition. Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian.


National Native American Veterans Memorial. National Mall, Washington, D.C. Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian.


Native Words, Native Warriors. Exhibition on Native American code talkers in World War Two. The National Museum of the American Indian.  

Douglas K. Miller, Indians on the Move: Native American Mobility and Urbanization in the Twentieth Century. The University of North Carolina Press, 2019.


Renya K. Ramirez, Native Hubs: Culture, Community, and Belonging in Silicon Valley and Beyond. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.

The Radical Sovereignty Struggle

The American Indian Movement, 1968-1978. Primary source set. Digital Public Library of America.

“Wounded Knee”. Dir. Stanley Nelson; part 5 of the documentary We Shall Remain, Public Broadcasting Service: 2009. ;

György Tóth, From Wounded Knee to Checkpoint Charlie: The Alliance for Sovereignty between American Indians and Central Europeans in the Late Cold War. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2016.